What is thyroid – Symptoms, causes, types and treatment

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What is thyroid ?

Thyroid is a dissorder in which thyroid gland is affected, thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland preasent in front part of neck.

There are many kinds of functions that thyroid plays in our metabolic process.

Differnt kinds of thyroid dissorder affect differnt types of functions in body.

Thyroid gland location and functions

Thyroid gland is wrapped around tge wind pipe below the Adam’s apple. There is a thin tissue of gland in middle part called Isthamus, which help to join two thyroid lobes.

Thyroid uses iodine to produce vital hormones. T4 primary hormone produced during delivery from thyroid gland which converts into T3 hormone which is the most activate hormone.

What is thyroid

Causes of thyroid

  • Iodine defeciency
  • Autoimmune disease (disease in which our immune system attacts own body)
  • Inflammatin of the thyroid ( due to virus or bacteria )
  • Lumps inside thyroid
  • Cancerous tumor

Kinds of thyroid dissorders

There are mainly 5 kinds of Thyroid dissorders :-

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Goiter

What is thyroid - types, causes, symptoms and treatment of thyroid
What is thyroid


Hypothyroidism is situation where thyroid gland producing less amount of thyroid hormone, which is not sufficient.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism

  • Fatigue
  • feeling mentally
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Feeling cold
  • Fluid retention
  • Muscle and joint aches
  • Depression
  • Excessive menstrual bleeding in women


Hyperthyroidism is a dissorder in which excess of thyroid hormone produces, there are very rarely symptoms which shows in mild cases. The symptoms which appear in hypothyroidism are:-

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

  • Tremor
  • Nervousness
  • High heart rate
  • Fatigue
  • Intolerance for heat
  • Increased bowel movements
  • Excess sweating
  • Concentration
  • weight loss

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is bit more common then other thyroid dissorder, it can be easily cured by treating it in its early stage.

It is more common in womens which are under 50-60. About 2/3 of cases of thyroid cancer is of adult womens. The ratio of men and children have slightly less then womens.

Thyroid cancer symptoms

  • A lump in the neck
  • Swelling in the neck.
  • welling in the neck.
  • Pain in the front of the neck.
  • voice changes
  • Trouble in swallowing.
  • Trouble in breathing.

Thyroid nodules

Thyroid nodules are the lumps in the thyroid, they are the abnormal mass grow in thyroid.

Lumps are caused due to cancers of thyroid or tumors. Nodules are of differnt shapes and sizes. If it increses in size then it affect other organs and cause more problem.

Thyroid nodules are lumps that can appear in the thyroid gland in front of the throat.

A thyroid nodule can feel like a bump on the side or in the middle of the throat

Thyroid nodules symptons

  • voice changes
  • a tickling feeling in the throat
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • problems with swallowing
  • choking sensation
  • swollen lymph nodes


Goiter is function as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or normal thyroid, it is not any specific kind of disease. Its a simple enlargement of the thyroid gland

A goiter simply describes enlargement of the thyroid gland, regardless of cause.

Goiter is not a specific disease, goiter may be associated with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or normal thyroid function.

Symptoms of Goiter

  • Main symptom is Lump or swelling
  • Coughing
  • Incresed heart
  • Breating problem
  • Weight gain

Treatment of thyroid

It is quite complicated to talk about ovarall treatment of thyroid because there are differnt types of thyroid and all have differnt treatment.

In some thyroid hormones produce in excess and in some hormone produces in very less quantity.

Doctors first looks age, sex and health of a person before treatment and giving medicines.

As we see before in causes of thyroid, the thyroid hormone produce in less quantity called hypothyroidism.

Lets talk about hypothyriodim, the medicines which increase the level of T4 hormone in our body, can able control the thyroid disease for rest of life.

Some medicines which act as T4 hormones is Levothyroxine. It is very helpful to get temporary relieve

Data in internet are usefull but not 100% accurate so please don’t follow them blindly, If you are suffering from any of the thyroid symptoms or having it. Then please go for a doctor as soon as possible.

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